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Conference on the future of Europe: towards a transformation of the European Union?


A dozen countries of the European Union, including Denmark and Finland, are opposed to a change in the European treaties and, consequently, to the abandonment of unanimous voting. Guest of Europe Morning Wednesday, the former secretary general of the Quai d’Orsay, Maurice Gourdault-Montagne returns to the reluctance of certain countries.

Is this a European revolution? A dozen Member States, including Denmark, Sweden and Bulgaria, have said no to the transformation of the treaties and the abandonment of the unanimous vote of the Twenty-Seven wanted by the President of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, and supported by Emmanuel Macron. “It’s an old subject that comes back, we will have to convince”, launched the former secretary general of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Maurice Gourdault-Montagne, guest of Europe Matin on Wednesday.

Towards a reform of the European treaties?

Launched a year ago by Emmanuel Macron, the Conference on the Future of Europe brought together 800 randomly selected European citizens. This was supposed to reconcile them with the European Union (EU). They were invited to debate and make proposals to improve EU policies.

This Conference, which ended on Monday, produced a list of 325 measures on the environment, European institutions and migration. However, these proposals may never see the light of day due to lack of support from some Member States. “It is important for the European Union to be able to take decisions quickly. What President Macron is proposing and which is relayed by the president of the commission is indeed to change the decision-making procedures within the European Union” , argued Maurice Gourdault-Montagne.

“There are resistances”

Among the proposals, one of them recommends the end of the unanimity rule for the most important decisions. “There are some sectors on which we can decide by qualified majority and the idea is to extend this qualified majority to go faster,” continued the former secretary general of the Quai d’Orsay. This was the case for the vote for the European vaccination pass, for example.

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“The idea launched means modifying the treaties, this means that a general mobilization of all the States is necessary. It is very complicated, it is very long and obviously, there is resistance”, a he concluded.

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